Constipation occurs when your child has infrequent bowel movements (fewer than three in a week) or bowel movements that are difficult or painful to pass. It is a very common issue for children, and over time, can cause bloating, cramps, decreased appetite, fear of going to the bathroom, and incontinence.
There are many potential factors that play a role in constipation including diet, mobility, genetics, emotional issues and stress. Many underlying medical conditions and medications can cause constipation as well. Fears around potty training can also be a common cause.
Usually constipation can be treated with diet, habits, behavioral changes, and specific medications such as laxatives (such as Miralax) and stool softeners (such as Colace).